La Unión Europea y la lucha contra los traficantes y tratantes de migrantes en Libia: balance tras el fin de la operación Sophia

The European Union and the fight against smuggling and trafficking in Libya: balance after the end of operation Sophia

DOI: 10.17103/reei.40.07

Montserrat Pi Llorens

Resumen

El presente artículo pretende hacer un balance de las medidas que la Unión Europea ha puesto en marcha para luchar contra los traficantes y tratantes de personas en Libia, en un momento en que uno de los instrumentos que ha tenido mayor protagonismo, la operación Sophia, acaba de llegar a su fin. La hipótesis de partida es que estas medidas, o al menos la mayoría de ellas, que han implicado una clara apuesta por la militarización y la externalización, han sido polémicas y cuestionadas desde su misma adopción, y sus efectos no solo no se corresponden con los objetivos declarados sino que plantean numerosos interrogantes tanto en términos jurídicos como de eficacia.

Abstract

This article aims to take stock of the measures that the European Union has put in place to combat smugglers and human traffickers in Libya, at a time when one of the instruments that has played a leading role in this fight, Operation Sophia, has come to an end. The initial hypothesis is that these measures, or at least most of them, which have implied the adoption of policies of clear militarization and externalization, have been controversial and have been questioned since their incorporation, given that their effects not only do not correspond to the stated objectives but raise many doubts in both legal terms and regarding questions of efficiency.

Palabras clave

Tráfico de migrantes, trata de seres humanos, Libia, EUNAVFOR MED Sophia, Frontex, Europol, EUBAM Libia, externalización

Keywords

Migrant Smuggling, Trafficking of Human Beings, Libya, EUNAVFOR MED Sophia, Frontex, Europol, EUBAM Libya, Externalization

About the author/s

Montserrat Pi Llorens

Profesora Titular de Derecho Internacional Público, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

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